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Glossary

Account

An account is essentially the record in an accounting system whose purpose is to track the financial activities of a specific asset, expense, revenue, equity or liability.

Address

A crypto address is a string of characters that represents a wallet that can send and receive cryptocurrency.

Airdrop

An airdrop is a marketing campaign that accelerates the distribution of cryptocurrency It is a way to popularize and encourage the use of that cryptocurrency.

Air Gap

The concept of an air gap refers to the following: if data cannot be accessed, then it cannot be infected or corrupted.

Airnode

Airnode is an oracle node and API blockchain gateway that is readily deployed by API providers who want to engage in the API3 blockchain protocol and put their data feeds on-chain.

Allocation

Allocation is the allotment of equity or tokens that may be earned, bought, or reserved for a specific team, group, investor, institution, or another similar entity.

Algo-Trading

Algo-trading is an automated trading system where buy and sell orders are placed according to the rules of a computer program or algorithm.

Algorithm

A set of mathematical instructions encoded into software/hardware and used to produce certain results.

Algorithmic Market Operations (AMOs)

Algorithmic Market Operations (AMOs) automatically control the supply of algorithmic stablecoins while improving scalability, decentralization, and transparency.

Altcoin

term for any digital currency that acts as an alternative to Bitcoin. Some crypto enthusiasts use the term to refer to it. cryptocurrencies other than Ethereum as well.

Altcoin Trader

A person who trades cryptocurrencies alternative to Bitcoin.

AML

Prevent money laundering. a set of regulations, laws, and procedures aimed at preventing Identify and report financial crimes This is followed by financial institutions and crypto platforms including BitcoinzTech.

AMLD5

The European Union’s 5th Anti-Money Laundering Directive (AMLD5) is an update to the union’s Anti-Money Laundering (AML) framework.

Angel Investor

A person who financially backs a new business venture or startup.

Anonymous

Anonymity is when something is not known or named.

Anti-dumping policy

The anti-dumping policy is a set of rules that protects investors from falling victim to a pump and dump scheme.

API

API stands for Application Programming Interface. It is a set of routines, protocols, and tools for building software applications. APIs specify how software components should interact, such

APR

Annual percentage rate. Simple interest.

APY

Annual percentage yield (APY) is the rate of return gained over the course of a year on a specific investment. Compounding interest, which is computed on a regular basis and applied to the am

Arbitrage

Arbitrage is buying and selling the same asset simultaneously in different markets. To profit from the slight difference in the listed price of the asset … Speculation arises from the inefficiencies of the market and both take advantage of those inefficiencies and fix them.

ATH

Cryptocurrency at its highest price

ATL

Cryptocurrency at its lowest price

Atomic Swap

A contract that allows both parties to exchange tokens from two different blockchains. Sometimes called atomic cross-chain trading, this type of mechanism eliminates the need for external centralization when trading operations.

Bear

Market downtrend

Bear Trap

Bear traps generally involve a number of traders with large holdings of cryptocurrencies. They will manage to sell a lot of that coin at the same time … the value of the coin will subsequently rebound. and the trapper is profitable.

Bit

The general unit structure of bitcoins has 1 bitcoin (BTC) which is equal to 1,000 millibitcoins (mBTC), 1,000,000 microbitcoins (μBTC), or 100,000,000 satoshis.

Bitcoin

A type of digital currency introduced in 2009 which a record of transactions is maintained and new units of currency are generated by the computational solution of mathematical problems, and which operates independently of a central bank.

Bitcoin Cash

Bitcoin Cash is a digital currency that is a fork of Bitcoin. Bitcoin Cash is a spin-off or altcoin that was created in 2017. In November 2018, Bitcoin Cash is divided into two currencies.

Bitcoin Gold

A hard fork of the original open-source cryptocurrency which took place on Oct. 24, 2017.

BitcoinzTech

A robust secure crypto savings platform that provides high yield interest on crypto currencies.

Block

Groups of data within a blockchain. On cryptocurrency blockchains, blocks are made up of transaction records as users buy or sell coins.

Blockchain

A system in which a record of transactions made in bitcoin or another cryptocurrency are maintained across several computers that are linked in a peer-to-peer network.

Block Reward

Block reward refers to the amount of bitcoins you have earned. If you successfully mine a block of currency The reward amount is halved after every 210,000 blocks are created, or approximately every four years.

BTC

Ticket name of Bitcoin

BTM

Bitcoin teller machine. Enable you to conduct transactions in Bitcoin.

Bull

Market uptrend

Bubble

Economic cycles in investments that feature rapid price increases followed by a price rapid decrease when the pool of willing investors runs out.

Bounty

A reward usually provided in the form of cryptocurrency.

BHC

Abbreviation for Bitcoin Cash

Candlestick

A candlestick chart is a graphing technique used to show changes in price over time. Each candle provides 4 points of information opening price, closing price, high, and low. Also known as “c

Central Ledger

A central ledger is a physical book or a computer file used to record transactions in a centralized manner.

Cipher

A cipher is any algorithm that can be used to encrypt and decrypt information.

Circulating Supply

The best approximation of the number of coins that are circulating in the market and in the general public’s hands.

Cloud Mining

Cryptocurrency mining with remote processing power rented from companies.

Coin

A representative store of digital value that lives on a given blockchain or cryptocurrency network.

Cold storage

Storing crypto assets on a computer in a vault, which is not connected to the internet. Many cold storage wallets do not accept as many kinds of cryptocurrencies and are more expensive storage options. Consequently, many traders prefer to use a hot wallet.

Cold Wallet

A cryptocurrency wallet that is in cold storage, i.e. not connected to the internet.

Coinbase

A popular centralized cryptocurrency exchange. Coinbase made history recently as the first cryptocurrency exchange to go public on the Nasdaq.

Consensus

Consensus is achieved when all participants of the network agree on the order and content of the blocks in the blockchain.

Cryptocurrency

A type of currency that’s digital and decentralized. In certain condition Cryptocurrency can be used to buy and sell things, or as a long-term store of value.

Crypto Exchange

Businesses that allow customers to trade cryptocurrencies for fiat money or other cryptocurrencies.

Cryptographic Hash Function

Cryptographic hash functions produce a fixed-size hash value from a variable-size transaction input.

Cryptography

Cryptography refers to secure information and communication techniques derived from mathematical concepts and a set of rule-based calculations called algorithms, to transform messages in ways that are hard to decipher.

Correction

A correction is a pullback of an asset’s price of at least 10% to adjust for over-valuation.

Custodian

A custodian is responsible for safely holding assets for an institution or individual for a variety of purposes.

Cypherpunk

The cypherpunk movement promotes the use of cryptography and other privacy-focused technologies to advance social and political progress.

CryptoKitties

CryptoKitties is a blockchain game on Ethereum developed by Canadian studio Dapper Labs that allows players to purchase, collect, breed and sell virtual cats. It is one of the earliest attempts to deploy blockchain technology for recreation and leisure.

Charlie Lee

Charles Lee is a computer scientist, best known as the creator of Litecoin. He serves as the managing director of the Litecoin Foundation.

Dash

Dash is an open source cryptocurrency. It is an altcoin that was forked from the Bitcoin protocol. It is also a decentralized autonomous organization run by a subset of its users, which are called “masternodes”

Decentralization

The principle of distributing power away from a central point. Blockchains are traditionally decentralized because they require majority approval from all users to operate and make changes, rather than a central authority.

Decentralized Exchange

A peer-to-peer exchange allowing users to trade cryptocurrency without the need for an intermediary.

Decentralized Application

A type of application that runs on a decentralized network, avoiding a single point of failure.

Decryption

Decryption is a process that transforms encrypted information into its original format

Deflation

A decline in the general level of prices for goods and services in an economy.

Derivative

A financial instrument deriving its value from the value of an underlying asset.

Digital Commodity

A commodity that exists digitally, as opposed to in “meatspace.”

Distributed Consensus

Collective agreement reached among nodes in a network.

Distributed Ledger

Distributed ledgers are ledgers in which data is stored across a network of decentralized nodes. A distributed ledger does not necessarily involve a cryptocurrency and may be permissioned and private.

Dump

A sudden sell-off of digital assets.

Dust Transaction

Miniscule amounts of Bitcoin in a wallet with a value that would be outweighed by the cost of a transaction fee.

DYOR

The acronym of Do Your Own Research encouraging investors to complete due diligence into a project before investing.

Dark Web

The dark web is the World Wide Web content that exists on darknets: overlay networks that use the Internet but require specific software, configurations, or authorization to access.

Encryption

Encryption is a means of securing digital data using one or more mathematical techniques, along with a password or “key” used to decrypt the information.

ERC

Ethereum Request for Comments

ERC-20

Tokens used solely on the Ethereum platform.

ETF

Exchange Traded fund

Ethereum

Ethereum is a technology that’s home to digital money, global payments, and applications.

Ethereum Classic

Ethereum Classic is a decentralized computing platform that executes smart contracts.

Exchange

Businesses that allow customers to trade cryptocurrencies for fiat money or other cryptocurrencies.

ETH

Shorthand for Ethereum

Fiat

Fiat money is issued by governments’ reserves, treasury and central bank systems to be released into circulation. Fiat money is not backed by gold or silver, but is backed by the governments that mint and distribute the currency.

Fork (Blockchain)

Forks, or chain splits, create an alternate version of the blockchain, leaving two blockchains to run simultaneously.

Fork (Software)

When an entirely new program has been developed from source code, taken from an open source software.

FUD

Fear, Uncertainty, Doubt

FUDster

Someone that is spreading FUD.

Full Node

Nodes that download a blockchain’s entire history in order to observe and enforce its rules.

Futures Contract

A futures contract is a standardized legal agreement to buy or sell a particular commodity or asset at a predetermined price at a specified time in the future.

Frictionless

If there are no transaction cost on trading, then a system is considered frictionless.

Gas

A term used on the Ethereum platform that refers to a unit of measuring the computational effort of conducting transactions or smart contracts, or launch DApps in the Ethereum network.

Gas Limit

A term used on the Ethereum platform that refers to the maximum amount of gas the user is willing to spend on a transaction.

Gas price

The amount one is willing to pay for transactions on the Ethereum network.

Gemini Dollar

The 1:1 USD-backed stablecoin built by a secure, reliable, and regulated cryptocurrency exchange.

Genesis Block

The first block of data that is processed and validated to form a new blockchain, often referred to as block 0 or block 1.

Going Long

Trades that result in profit when prices increase.

Going Short

Trades that result in profit when prices decrease.

GUSD

Gemini dollar (GUSD) is the 1:1 USD backed stablecoin built by a secure, reliable, and regulated cryptocurrency exchange.

Governance

In the world of cryptocurrencies, governance is defined as the people or organizations that have decision-making powers regarding the project.

Halving

An event in which the total rewards per confirmed block halves.

Hard Cap

A hard cap is the absolute maximum supply of a digital asset.

Hard Fork

A type of protocol change that validates all previously invalid transactions, and invalidates all previously valid transactions.

Hardware Wallet

A hardware wallet is a wallet for cryptocurrencies that usually resemble a USB stick.

Hash

A hash is the output result of a hashing algorithm, which creates a unique, fixed-length string to encrypt and secure a certain selection of arbitrary data.

Hidden Cap

Hidden cap is an unknown limit to the amount of money a team elects to receive from investors in its initial coin offering (ICO).

HODL

HODL is sometimes explained as an acronym standing for “hold on for dear life” or some variation.

Hot Storage

Private key stored online for rapid access of a cryptocurrency.

ICO

Initial coin offering.

Immutable

When a transaction is done and cannot be changed.

Inflation

Inflation is the rate of increase in prices over a given period of time. Inflation is typically a broad measure, such as the overall increase in prices.

Institution

Financial institutions, otherwise known as banking institutions, are corporations that provide services as intermediaries of financial markets.

KYC

Short for Know Your Customer, these are checks that crypto exchanges and trading platforms must complete to verify the identity of their customers.

Lambo

Slang for the type of car that many crypto enthusiasts aspire to buy when their digital assets “moon”  or rise in value substantially.

Ledger

A record of financial transactions that cannot be changed, only appended with new transactions.

Lightning Network

A second layer protocol that is designed to solve Bitcoin’s scalability problem by allowing transactions to be processed more quickly.

Limit Order

A limit order is an order to buy or sell a stock or cryptocurrency for a specific price.

Litecoun

Litecoin is a fork of Bitcoin

Liquidity

How easily a cryptocurrency can be bought and sold without impacting the overall market price.

LTC

Lightcoin

Long

Holding on to a cryptocurrency hoping for price increase.

LTV

The loan-to-value ratio is a financial term used by lenders to express the ratio of a loan to the value of an asset purchased. In Real estate, the term is commonly used by banks and building societies to represent the ratio of the first mortgage line as a percentage of the total appraised value of real property.

Margin Trading

Margin trading is a facility under which you buy cryptocurrency that you can’t afford. You are allowed to buy cryptocurrency by paying a marginal amount of the actual value. This margin is paid either in cash or in shares as security.

Market Cap

The total number of cryptocurrency coins multiply by its price.

Market Order

A market order is an order to buy or sell a cryptocurrency immediately at the best buying or selling price.

Masternode

Masternodes are a server maintained by its owner, somewhat like full nodes, but with additional functionalities such as anonymizing transactions, clearing transactions, and participating in governance and voting.

Maximum Supply

The best approximation of the maximum amount of coins that will ever exist in the lifetime of the cryptocurrency. *see Circulating Supply and Total Supply.

Markel Tree

A hash tree or Merkle tree is a tree in which every leaf node is labelled with the cryptographic hash of a data block, and every non-leaf node is labelled with the cryptographic hash of the labels of its child nodes.

Microtransactions

Business model where users can purchase virtual items for small amounts of money. Microtransactions often appear in free-to-play games, meaning there is no cost to download the game, just a cost to buy the online virtual products.

Mining

Bitcoin mining is the process of creating new bitcoin by solving puzzles. The first bitcoin miner, as these systems are called, to solve the puzzle is rewarded with Bitcoin.

Mining Pool

Cryptocurrency mining pools are groups of miners who share their computational resources.

Mining Rig

Equipment that is used for mining cryptocurrencies.

Multi-Signature Wallets (Multi-Sig-Wallets)

A cryptocurrency wallet that requires two or more private keys to sign and send a transaction.

Node

A computer connected to a cryptocurrency network and can execute certain functions like creating, receiving or sending information.

Non-Custodial Wallet

A non-custodial exchange platform is a crypto exchange platform where custody of their wallet is 100% in user’s control.

OmiseGO

Cryptography traded as OMG

Open Source

Open source is a philosophy, with participants believing in the free and open sharing of information in pursuit of the greater common good.

OTC

Over-the-counter is defined as a transaction made outside of an exchange, often peer-to-peer through private trades.

Ox

ZRX is an Ethereum token that is used to power the 0x protocol.

Pair

A trading pair is a function whereby you have two different currencies that can be traded between one another. When buying and selling a cryptocurrency, it is often swapped with local currency. For example, If you’re looking to buy or sell Bitcoin with U.S. Dollar, the trading pair would be BTC to USD.

Paper Wallet

A physical document containing your private key or seed phrase.

P2P

Person-to-person or peer-to m-peer.

Paxos

Paxos Trust Company is a New York-based financial institution and technology company specializing in blockchain. The company’s product offerings include a cryptocurrency brokerage service, asset tokenization services, and settlement services.

Permissions Ledger

A digital record of a transaction on the blockchain.

PoA

Proof of Authority.

PoB

Proof of Burn

A blockchain consensus mechanism aiming to bootstrap one blockchain to another with increased energy efficiency, by verifying that a cost was incurred in “burning” a coin.

PoD

Proof-of-developer (PoD) is a process that seeks to connect a blockchain project with its real developer or developers. The process prevents fraudsters from taking over a project, especially the funding, without delivering the final product to investors.

Portfolio

A collection of cryptocurrencies or crypto assets held by an investment company, hedge fund, financial institution or individual.

PoS

A blockchain consensus mechanism in addition to Proof-of-Work that maintains the integrity of blockchain.

PoW

Proof of work

A blockchain consensus mechanism involving solving of computationally intensive puzzles to validate transactions and create new blocks. *see Proof-of-Stake (PoS).

Private Key

A piece of code generated in asymmetric-key encryption process, paired with a public key, to be used in decrypting information hashed with the public key.

Protocols

A set of rules or procedures for transmitting data between electronic devices, such as computers.

Public Key

A public key refers to a series of alphanumeric characters used to encrypt plain text messages into ciphertext.

Pumping

Manipulating cryptocurrency to increase the price hoping to sell at a high profit.

Pump and Dump

A form of fraud involving the artificial inflation of the price of a cryptocurrency with false and misleading positive statements.

REKT

A shorthand slang for “wrecked,” describing a bad loss in a trade.

Ripple

A cryptocurrency also known as XRP. The protocol officially launched in 2012 and, not long after, the team formed a new company called “OpenCoin,” led by Chris Larsen who joined as CEO.

Satoshi Nakamoto

Satoshi Nakamoto is the name used by the presumed pseudonymous person or persons who developed bitcoin.

SATS

The smallest unit of bitcoin with a value of 0.00000001 BTC.

Scrypt

An alternative proof-of-work (PoW) algorithm to SHA-256, used in Bitcoin mining. Scrypt mining relies more heavily on memory than on pure CPU power, aiming to reduce the advantage that ASICs

SEC

Securities and Exchange Commission is a large independent agency of the United States federal government, created in the aftermath of the Wall Street Crash of 1929. The primary purpose of the SEC is to enforce the law against market manipulation.

Second-Layer-Solutions

Second-Layer Solutions is a set of solutions that are built on top of a public blockchain. The reason for doing so is to make the relevant blockchain more scalable and efficient, in particular for microtransaction. Lightning Network is one of many examples of Second-Layer Solutions.

Smart Contract

A smart contract is a computer protocol intended to facilitate, verify or enforce a contract on the blockchain without third parties.

Soft Cap

The minimum amount that an initial coin offering (ICO) wants to raise.

Soft Fork

A protocol upgrade where only previously valid transactions are made invalid, with most soft forks requiring miners to upgrade their mining software.

Software Wallet

Software wallets are applications you download onto your computer or mobile device.

Stable Coins

Stablecoins are cryptocurrencies that attempt to peg their market value to some external reference usually USD. Traded against the overall market.

Stellar

Stellar, or Stellar Lumens, is an open source, decentralized protocol for digital currency to fiat money low-cost transfers which allows cross-border transactions between any pair of currencies.

Shitcoin

A coin with no obvious potential value or usage.

Staking

Participation in a proof-of-stake (PoS) system to put your tokens in to serve as a validator to the blockchain and receive rewards.

Security Token

A security token is essentially a digital form of traditional securities.

Speculator

A person who invests in stocks, property, or other ventures in the hope of making a profit.

“financial speculators exploiting small changes in markets to make money”

Ticker

Arrangements of symbols or characters that are generally English letters representing specific assets or securities listed on a stock exchange cryptocurrency exchange or traded publicly.

Timelock

A condition for a transaction to only be processed at a certain time or block on the blockchain.

Timestamp

The moment a transaction encryption taok place.

Token

A crypto token is a virtual currency token or a denomination of a cryptocurrency. It represents a tradable asset or utility that resides on its own blockchain and allows the holder to use it for investment or economic purposes.

Tokenize

The process by which real-world assets are turned into something of digital value called a token, often subsequently able to offer ownership of parts of this asset to different owners.

Tokenless Ledger

A tokenless ledger refers to a distributed ledger that doesn’t require a native currency to operate.

Total Supply

Total Supply is the total amount of coins in existence right now (minus any coins that have been verifiably burned).

Total Volume

Volume, or trading volume, is the number of units traded in a market during a given time.

Transaction Fee

Fee given to a miner involved in approving a transaction.

Transaction ID

A transaction hash/id is a unique string of characters that is given to every transaction that is verified and added to the blockchain.

Trezor

Hardware wallet which handles cryptocurrency private key.

TrueUSD

Money built for the new global financial system. The first regulated stablecoin fully backed by the US Dollar.

Usd Coin

USD Coin is a digital stablecoin that is pegged to the United States dollar and runs on the Ethereum, Stellar, Algorand, Solana, Tron and Hedera Hashgraph system.

Utility Token

A digital token of cryptocurrency that is issued in order to fund development of the cryptocurrency and that can be later used to purchase a good or service offered by the nooo issuer of the cryptocurrency sold utility tokens as a method of fundraising for the start-up.

Volatility

A statistical measure of dispersion of returns, measured by using the standard deviation or variance between returns from that same security or market index.

Vanity Address

A cryptocurrency public address with custom letters and numbers, usually picked by its owner.

Wallet

A crypto wallet is a place where you can securely keep your crypto.

Whale

A term used to describe investors who have uncommonly large amounts of crypto, especially those with enough funds to manipulate the market.

Whitelist

A list of interested participants in an initial coin offering, who registered their intent to take part or purchase in a sale.

Whitepaper

A document released by a crypto project that gives investors technical information about its concept, and a roadmap for how it plans to grow and succeed.

When Lambo

A phrase referring to when cryptocurrency holders will become rich enough to afford the purchase of a Lamborghini.

When Moon

When will the price of my cryptocurrency skyrocket all the way to the moon.

XRP

Ripple is a real-time gross settlement system, currency exchange and remittance network created by Ripple Labs Inc., a US-based technology company 

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